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Pygmy Date Palm

The Pygmy Date Palm Tree, scientific name Phoenix roebelenii, is one of the most widely used palms 
in landscaping in America. Not only it can be used outdoors in variety of settings, but it also looks great 
in a container. The Pygmy Date Palm is also known as Roebellini Palm and Miniature Date Palm. It is 
native to Southern China. 

Growth Rate: Slow to Moderate
Height: Up to 7 – 10ft
Light Requirement: Full Sun to Partial shade
Water Requirement: Moderate
Cold Tolerance: down to 20F


Phoenix roebelenii is a small palm that can grow up to 10ft tall but usually doesn’t grow more than 7ft. Many 
consider it to be a dwarf palm. In its natural environment Pygmy Date Palm has a single-trunk, but in 
cultivation it is usually planted with 3-5 specimens. When planted in clumps, the trunks tend to curve gracefully 
away from the center of the clump creating an especially attractive arrangement. The trunk is covered with 
old leaf scars and topped with pinnate, or feather like, leaves which grow to about 4ft in length. Leaves are 
bright green, droopy covered with 4-5 in leaflets that are modified into 2-3 in. sharp spines at the base of the 
petiole. Be careful while pruning it and keep kids away. During spring, this palm produces beautiful creamy 
flowers that are held by 1ft long stalks. The Pygmy Date Palm is dioecious, male and female flowers grow 
on separate plants. Between September and October, flowers are followed by small dates. It usually has 
about 10 -13 long fruit clusters hanging below the leaves. Fruits are elliptical, 1/2 inch long and turn red-brown 
to dark purple when ripe. The date is mostly seed with only a thin layer of fruit.

Growing Pygmy Date Palm

Adapts to all king of soil. It can tolerate cold down to 20F when mature enough. It is drought tolerant but 
does well in moist well drained soil. It looks especially graceful when planted in group of 3 to 5 specimens. 
It likes full sun but can also grow in partial shade. It is very popular indoor palm tree because it does well 
in any kind of container. It is perfect for deck or entry ways